Recent roofing trends have seen a push towards energy efficiency and sustainability. The roofing material is primarily designed to shed water. The covering is also a major element of the architecture so roofing materials come in a wide variety of colors and textures. The primary roof covering on houses in North America are asphalt shingles, but some have other types of roof shingles or metal roofs. Tile and thatch roofs are more common in Europe than North America. Some roofing materials help reduce air conditioning costs in hot climates by being designed to reflect light.
The cost to install a shingle roof averages $5.43 – $7.05 per square foot in 2014. This Shingle Roofing Installation cost estimate is calculated from average material costs, unit labor productivity rates and national average hourly labor wages.